According to the Law of Georgia on Mediation, mediation is a process, despite its name, in which two or more parties discuss their disputes with the assistance of a mediator who helps them resolve the dispute and reach an agreement regardless of whether the process started at the parties’ initiative or on the basis and under the procedure provided for by law.
Family disputes, except for disputes related to adoption, annulment of adoption, revocation of adoption, restriction of parental rights, deprivation of parental rights, and violence against women and/or domestic violence
Inheritance and neighbourhood disputes;
Labour disputes, except for collective disputes envisaged under the Organic Law of Georgia "Labour Code of Georgia";
Cases regarding realization of co-ownership;
Property disputes, if the disputed amount does not exceed 20 000 GEL;
Disputes stemming from loan agreements (including electronic loan agreements) signed by banks, microfinance institutions or nonbank depositary institutions of Georgia, if the disputed amount does not exceed 10 000 GEL; and
Court Mediation is not mandatory if it involves a case that does not fall under the categories when a judge can unilaterally refer the case to court mediation, or if the parties had signed a mediation agreement before the dispute arose and the private mediation procedure was undertaken but parties failed to achieve a mutual agreement. In such case the judge may transfer the case to court mediation only upon parties' consent.
Private Mediation takes place without any lawsuit being filed, on the basis of parties’ initiative, based on a mediation agreement.
Effectiveness and cost efficiency - Mediation as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism is faster and cheaper than litigation in courts.
Control over the outcome - Unlike litigation, in mediation the parties themselves make decisions, the risk of an unfavourable outcome is mitigated.
Confidentiality - Since the majority of court hearings are public, the confidential nature of mediation is attractive for many.